Miles Davis
* May 26, 1926 † September 28, 1991
United States
Music group
Miles Davis was born on May 26, 1926 in Alton, Illinois. He was known to the general public primarily as a trumpet player. However, in the world of music he had a great deal of influence not only as a innovative bandleader but also as a composer. His music and style was important in the development of improvisational techniques incorporating modes rather than standard chord changes. Miles experiments with modal playing reached its apotheosis in 1959 with his recording of Kind of Blue.

Many of the great improvisers and their ideas within the Davis groups were nurtured through Miles Davis, as he acted as inspirational overseer. The music and styles of Miles Davis from one period of his life to the next varied quite differently. He has composed many tunes that today are considered standard repertoire for aspiring jazz musicians. Tunes such as Nardis, Milestones, and So What are typical examples. Miles Davis had an uncanny ability of always selecting great sidemen for his recording sessions. These recordings are full of original and creative sensitivity and are outstanding examples of jazz recordings made at that time.

His popularity was so great that he mistakenly received composer credit for a number of modern jazz standards such as Blue in Green (by Bill Evans) Tune Up and Four (by Eddie Vinson).

His creative and innovative approach to performing such great standards as Bye Bye Blackbird and On Green Dolphin Street has resulted in these tunes becoming great jazz standards. Considered one of the all time great melodic soloist of our time, Miles Davis can be characterized as having unusual and very skillful timing with simple or complex melodic phrases. As were his counter parts, Thelonious Monk Count Basie, Miles was a true master of restraint with regard to the creative process of his improvised lines.

His recording in 1954 of The Man I Love with Milt Jackson and Thelonious Monk and Bags Grove are typical examples of his inner ability of restraint with regard to phrasing and time. Other dramatic technique Miles used was his placement of notes and the use of silence during his solos. Known in the 1950s for his ability to vary the color of his sound, pitch, and the use of a Harmon mute, Miles solos resulted in a warm, rich, wispy, and even intimate improvisation. Examples are Seven Steps to Heaven and Kind of Blue, and today are part of every jazz musicians repertoire. Late in the 1960s Miles began to play more in the upper register.

Listen to Miles recordings in 1963 of Miles In Europe and Four and More (1964). In 1969 facing swirling social and musical currents, Miles incorporated the use of electronic instruments into his music. Using harsh dissonance's sounds from electronic instruments he changed the way music of the time was performed and understood. If you listen to his recordings in 1970 you notice his more explosive and violent style with long burst, shattered tones, electronic echoes, and numerous other alterations on his trumpet. Listen to Live -Evil and Bitches Brew. Although Miles Davis does not seem to play as fast or as high as other trumpet players such as, Maynard Ferguson, Dizzy Gillespie, or Clifford Brown, he always maintained a constant momentum at any tempo. The fact that Davis may or may not have been as technical as other trumpet players, still does not detract from the fact that his lines are more varied and original than any other trumpeter of his time.

It should be mentioned that Miles Davis is also considered a great artistic painter. In 1988 he created a series of abstract paintings. He was inspired by a Milan -based design movement known as "Memphis" founded by Ettore Sottsass. Known for "hot colors" and "clashing shapes" Memphis mixed and matched a variety of historical motifs and closely resembled a "postmodernism" style. Miles found this style appealing and created a large quantity of paintings. Most of the time Miles appeared on-stage in bright colored clothing that matched his painting style. He always seemed to dazzled his audiences with the color of sound that emanated from his horn and from his clothing. His paintings in New York City (1990) received enthusiastic reviews, as they did in Spain, West Germany and Japan.

In 1980 Miles began to focus his talent in a new direction and started seeking expression not just through his music but also through visual art. He began with primitive figures and then experimented in colour and composition. In contrast to his rich formal education as a musician, Miles as an artist was mostly self taught.
He became inspired by the Milan based design movement known as “memphis” whose theme was based on hot colours and clashing shapes.He worked under the influence for nearly two years during which time he created a substantial collection of work. As his work matured his direction changed with integrating, swirling abstracts and strong African inspired textured, filling his studio with tribal masks and haunting images of African art. He was moved to incorporate the essence of the rich imagery in his paintings. He transformed his works of sound into shapes and colours and worked primarily with acrylic paints, pastels, pencils and markers, especially favouring large canvasses with ample space.

Davis had a great artistic gift for painting and creating music. He is one of the very few jazz musicians of our time who had the ability to improvise and swing at a constant tempo. When Miles played a tune it became part of his soul and it never lost character. He passed away September 28, 1991 and he will be deeply missed. His music and influence in the world of jazz and art will remain with us for eternity.
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